Karnataka – Strengths and opportunities in food processing
During 2014-15 the State has produced 112.32 Lakh MT of Cereals, 13.90 Lakh MT of Pulses, 9.59 Lakh MT of Oil Seeds, 23.12 Lakh Bales of Cotton and 437.76 Lakh MT of Sugarcane.
The State is one of the major producers of a variety of horticulture crops. Fruits such as Sapota, Grapes, Pomegranate, Watermelon, Mango, Jackfruit, Papaya, Lime/ Lemon, Orange, Banana, Guava etc Vegetables such as Onion (including Bengaluru Rose Onion), Potatoes, Gherkins, Capsicum, Green Chilly, Tomato, Cucumber, Carrot, Beans etc Plantation & Spice Crops such as Coffee, Arecanut, Tamarind, Coconut, Vanilla, Black Pepper, Cloves, Cardamom, Dry Chilly, Turmeric, Cashewnut, Ginger, Garlic etc. Flowers such as Rose, Jasmine, Gerbera, Carnation, Anthurium, Orchids, Lillies, Chrysanthemum, Tuberose, Crossandra, Aster, Marigold etc., are grown in the State.Horticulture production area in the State accounts for about 16% of the total cultivable area. It includes plantation crops (45%), vegetables (23%), fruits (20%), spices (10%) and other commercial crops like flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants (2%).
During the year 2013-14, the State has produced 66.26 Lakh MT of Fruits, 82.50 Lakh MT of Vegetables, 4.85 Lakh MT of Plantation Crops, 6.56 Lakh MT of Spices, 2.14 Lakh MT of Commercial Flowers, 11351 MT of Medicinal Plants, 14282 MT of Aromatic Plants. (Annexure – II).
In Karnataka, only about 1% of the total production of fruits and vegetables is currently being processed for value addition. About 25 – 30% of post-harvest loss is estimated due to inadequate cold storage, required transport, poor handling, insufficient processing and other value addition facilities. At present, there are only 98 cold storage units having 2.97 Lakh MT for handling fruits and vegetables. Of these units, 2 are in co-operative, 90 are in private and 6 are in the public sector. Therefore, ample scope is available for investing to strengthen the cold storage and transportation facilities.
During the year 2014 -15, the state has produced 43,948 Lakh eggs (7th rank in the country), 1.81 Lakh MT meat (11th rank in the country), 61.23 Lakh MT milk (11th rank in the country).